Research fundamentals on a symbol by opening the **Research **tool under **Launch Tools**, or by clicking the Research button in the Symbol Hub. Below is the data found in the Metrics tab of the Research tool.

VALUATION | |
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P/E excl extraordinary items | Price-to-Earnings ratio excluding extraordinary items. Extraordinary items are infrequent and unusual in nature, often one time charges. |

P/E Normalized | Price-to-Earnings ratio normalized, or smoothed, over a period of time |

Forward P/E | Estimated P/E Ratio using forecasted earnings |

Price/Sales (ttm) |
Ratio comparing the price of a security to its revenue figures, trailing 12 months |

Price/Projected Sales | Ratio comparing the price of a security to its projected revenue |

Price/Book Value | Ratio comparing the price of a security to its book value |

Price/Tangible Book Value | Ratio comparing the price of a security to the value of its tangible assets |

Price/Cash Flow | Share Price divided by Cash Flow per Share; may be useful in comparing competitors within the same industry |

GROWTH METRICS | |
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EPS Growth (yoy) | Growth in annual Earnings Per Share year over year |

EPS Growth (5 yrs) | Compounded EPS growth over 5 years |

Projected EPS Growth (5 yrs) | Compounded earnings growth rate projected for the next 5 years |

Projected P/E Growth (5 yrs) | Trailing 12-month Price-to-Earnings ratio divided by 5-year projected growth rate |

Dividend Growth (yoy) | Growth in dividend payouts year over year |

Quarterly Sales Growth (yoy) | Growth in quarterly sales year over year |

Annual Sales Growth (yoy) | Growth in annual sales year over year |

Sales Growth (5 yrs) | Growth in annual sales compounded over 5 years |

FINANCIAL METRICS | |
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Revenue (ttm) | Trailing 12 month total sales for a security |

Sales/Share | Sales per weighted average share outstanding for either the previous fiscal year or trailing 12 months |

EBITDA (ttm) | Earnings before interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization (revenue - expenses excluding interest, taxes, depreciation and amortization) |

Earnings Before Taxes |
Earnings before taxes (revenue - expenses excluding taxes) |

Net Income | Total company earnings after all expenses are subtracted from revenue |

Normalized Earnings Before Taxes | Earnings before taxes normalized, or smoothed, over a period of time |

Normalized Net Income | Net income normalized, or smoothed, over a period of time |

EPS excl extraordinary items | Earnings per Share excluding extraordinary items |

EPS Normalized | Earnings per Share normalized, or smoothed, over a period of time |

Cash Flow/Share (ttm) | Calculated as cash flow (less preferred dividends) divided by the number of common shares outstanding |

Cash/Share | Free cash flow divided by the number of common shares outstanding |

Book Value/Share | Value of the company per share after all debts are paid |

Tangible Book Value/Share | Total tangible assets per number of outstanding shares |

FINANCIAL STRENGTH | |
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Current Ratio | Assets divided by liabilities |

Quick Ratio | Current ratio minus inventory, as inventory is considered a less liquid asset |

Long Term Debt/Equity | Long term, interest-bearing debt divided by stockholder equity |

Total Debt/Equity | Total liabilities divided by stockholder equity |

Payout Ratio | Dividends per share divided by earnings per share; shows how much of the companies earnings are going toward dividends. |

MANAGEMENT EFFECTIVENESS | |
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Return on Assets | Net income divided by total assets |

Return on Equity | Indicates profit generated from shareholder investments by dividing net income by shareholder equity |

Return on Investment | Net return on an investment (gain from investment - cost of investment) divided by cost of investment |

Sales/Employee | Sales divided by number of employees |

MARGINS | |
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Gross Margin | Percent of revenue retained after taking out costs of producing goods or services |

Net Profit Margin | Measures earnings retained per every dollar of sales |

Operating Margin | Measures the portion of a company's revenue remaining after paying variable operating costs |

Pretax Margin | Pre-tax profit expressed as a percentage of sales |